Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan;298(1):E99-E107. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00242.2009. Epub 2009 Oct 20.

Fatty acids induce amylin expression and secretion by pancreatic beta-cells.

Author information

  • 1Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.


Amylin is the major component of pancreatic amyloid, which is implicated in the development of type 2 diabetes. It is costored with insulin in the secretory granules of pancreatic beta-cells and cosecreted with insulin following stimulation with glucose. Here, we investigate the effect of fatty acids (FAs) on amylin expression and secretion by beta-cells and explore the underlying mechanisms. Palmitate and oleate dose-dependently induced amylin mRNA accumulation in murine pancreatic beta-cell line MIN6 and primary pancreatic islets. the inductive effect of FAs on amylin expression is independent of glucose concentration. FAs upregulated amylin expression at the transcriptional level, and FAs must be metabolized to induce amylin expression. FAs also significantly induced human amylin promoter activation. Pretreatment of MIN6 cells with Ca(2+) chelator (EGTA, BAPTA-AM) PKC inhibitor Gö-6976 or protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide significantly inhibited FA-induced amylin mRNA expression. Transcription factors cAMP-responsive element-binding protein, pancreatic and duodenal homeobox factor-1, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor were not involved in FA-induced amylin expression. Palmitate and oleate both increased amylin and insulin release from MIN6 cells and stimulated amylin expression but had no effect on insulin expression. Mice refed with Intralipid had significantly higher levels of plasma FFA, amylin, and insulin than those refed with saline. These data demonstrate that FAs differently regulate amylin and insulin expression and induce both amylin and insulin release. Ca(2+) and PKC signaling pathways and de novo-synthesized protein(s) were involved in FA-induced amylin expression. Induction of amylin production and release by FA may contribute to its biological functions under physiological conditions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk