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Am J Med Sci. 2009 Nov;338(5):414-7. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e3181ae9227.

Dasatinib-induced pleural effusions: a lymphatic network disorder?

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  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Allergy and Sleep Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.


Dasatanib, which has been approved for rescue therapy for patients with imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia and Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia, is a novel, orally available multitargeted kinase inhibitor of BCR-ABL and SRC family kinases (Quintas-Cardama et al, J Clin Oncol 2007;25:3908-14). It binds to both active and inactive conformations of the ABL gene and is 325 times more potent than imatinib in inhibiting the growth of BCR/ABL cells in vitro (Morelock and Sahn, Chest 1999;116:212-21; Huggins and Sahn, Clin Chest Med 2004;25:141-53). Although dasatinib is a generally well-tolerated drug in the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome positive hematopoetic malignancies, pleural effusions have been frequently noted and have been reported in up to 35% of patients (Sahn SA. Drug-induced pleural disease. In: Camus P, Rosenow E, editors. Drug-induced iatrogenic lung disease. London: Hodder Arnold; 2009). Although there have been numerous reports of effusions, none have provided complete pleural fluid analysis; therefore, we report 2 patients with dasatinib-induced pleural effusion with complete pleural fluid analysis.

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