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Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010 Apr;48(3):221-3. doi: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2009.08.030.

Osteonecrosis of the jaws induced by anti-RANK ligand therapy.

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  • 1Pinderfields General Hospital, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom. k.h.taylor@leeds.ac.uk


Since the introduction of bisphosphonates to treat diseases that affect remodelling of bone, increasing numbers of patients with bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws have been reported; the number is currently unknown. Recently anti-RANKL agents (receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand) such as denosumab (Prolia, Amgen Inc., California, USA) that have a similar mode of action to bisphosphonates have been introduced to treat such diseases. We report a case of osteonecrosis that was induced by anti-RANKL therapy. To our knowledge this is the first case to have been induced by these agents.

2009 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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