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Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2009 Oct;18(4):967-77. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2009.04.006.

Hypersomnia in children: interface with psychiatric disorders.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Division of Child Neurology, The Center for Sleep Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Patients being evaluated in child psychiatry clinics for behavior and mood disturbances frequently exhibit daytime sleepiness. Conversely, patients being evaluated for hypersomnia by sleep specialists may have depressed mood or hyperactive and aggressive behavior. The etiology of daytime sleepiness in children and adolescents is diverse and includes inadequate sleep hygiene, obstructive sleep apnea, delayed sleep phase syndrome, idiopathic hypersomnia, periodic hypersomnia, narcolepsy, and mood disorders per se. Treatment of a sleep disorder can have a favorable impact on alertness and quality of life. A high index of suspicion for sleep problems should be maintained in children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders.

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