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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Apr;18(4):788-97. doi: 10.1038/oby.2009.302. Epub 2009 Oct 15.

In central obesity, weight loss restores platelet sensitivity to nitric oxide and prostacyclin.

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  • 1Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, Internal Medicine Unit, University of Turin, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Italy.

Abstract

Central obesity shows impaired platelet responses to the antiaggregating effects of nitric oxide (NO), prostacyclin, and their effectors--guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) and adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP). The influence of weight loss on these alterations is not known. To evaluate whether a diet-induced body-weight reduction restores platelet sensitivity to the physiological antiaggregating agents and reduces platelet activation in subjects affected by central obesity, we studied 20 centrally obese subjects before and after a 6-month diet intervention aiming at reducing body weight by 10%, by measuring (i) insulin sensitivity (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA(IR))); (ii) plasma lipids; (iii) circulating markers of inflammation of adipose tissue and endothelial dysfunction, and of platelet activation (i.e., soluble CD-40 ligand (sCD-40L) and soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin)); (iv) ability of the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP), the prostacyclin analog Iloprost and the cyclic nucleotide analogs 8-bromoguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cGMP) and 8-bromoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cAMP) to reduce platelet aggregation in response to adenosine-5-diphosphate (ADP); and (v) ability of SNP and Iloprost to increase cGMP and cAMP. The 10 subjects who reached the body-weight target showed significant reductions of insulin resistance, adipose tissue, endothelial dysfunction, and platelet activation, and a significant increase of the ability of SNP, Iloprost, 8-Br-cGMP, and 8-Br-cAMP to reduce ADP-induced platelet aggregation and of the ability of SNP and Iloprost to increase cyclic nucleotide concentrations. No change was observed in the 10 subjects who did not reach the body-weight target. Changes of platelet function correlated with changes of HOMA(IR). Thus, in central obesity, diet-induced weight loss reduces platelet activation and restores the sensitivity to the physiological antiaggregating agents, with a correlation with improvements in insulin sensitivity.

PMID:
19834474
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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