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  • PMID: 19833680 was deleted because it is a duplicate of PMID: 21252355
Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2011 Jan;57(1):45-56. doi: 10.1177/0020764010347333.

Psychosocial impact of obsessive-compulsive disorder on patients and their caregivers: a comparative study with depressive disorder.

Author information

  • 1Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh-160012, India. drajitavasthi@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little empirical research has been done to assess the impact of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) on patients and their caregivers.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the psychosocial impact of OCD on patients and their caregivers and compare it with depressed controls.

METHOD:

Thirty two patients with OCD and their caregivers and 30 patients of depression and their caregivers were assessed on sociodemographic and clinical variables and the following scales: World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire-BREF version (WHOQOL-BREF); Schedule for Assessment of Psychiatric Disability; Family Burden Interview Schedule; and Family Accommodation Scale. Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Scale (YBOCS) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were applied to rate the severity of obsessive-compulsive and depressive symptoms.

RESULTS:

Patients with OCD had the lowest scores in the psychological health domain of the WHOQOL-BREF. They were also disabled due to their illness with maximum disability being experienced in the overall behaviour domain. Caregivers of OCD patients experienced burden in several areas and had to accommodate to the patient's behaviour. Patients with OCD had a better quality of life (QOL) and were less disabled compared with depressed patients, but their caregivers were more burdened and had to accommodate to a greater degree in comparison to caregivers of depressed patients. The OCD patients' QOL and disability scores and their caregivers' burden and accommodation scores correlated significantly with several sociodemographic, clinical and psychological variables.

CONCLUSION:

OCD patients, when compared with depressed subjects, have a better QOL and are less disabled, but their caregivers are more burdened and have to accommodate more.

PMID:
21252355
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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