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J Med Chem. 2009 Nov 12;52(21):6724-43. doi: 10.1021/jm901195w.

New insights into the SAR and binding modes of bis(hydroxyphenyl)thiophenes and -benzenes: influence of additional substituents on 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17beta-HSD1) inhibitory activity and selectivity.

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  • 1Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Saarland University, P.O. Box 15 11 50, D-66041 Saarbrucken, Germany.


17beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17beta-HSD1) is responsible for the catalytic reduction of weakly active E1 to highly potent E2. E2 stimulates the proliferation of hormone-dependent diseases via activation of the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha). Because of the overexpression of 17beta-HSD1 in mammary tumors, this enzyme should be an attractive target for the treatment of estrogen-dependent pathologies. Recently, we have reported on a series of potent 17beta-HSD1 inhibitors: bis(hydroxyphenyl) azoles, thiophenes, and benzenes. In this paper, different substituents are introduced into the core structure and the biological properties of the corresponding inhibitors are evaluated. Computational methods and analysis of different X-rays of 17beta-HSD1 lead to identification of two different binding modes for these inhibitors. The fluorine compound 23 exhibits an IC(50) of 8 nM and is the most potent nonsteroidal inhibitor described so far. It also shows a high selectivity (17beta-HSD2, ERalpha) and excellent pharmacokinetic properties after peroral application to rats.

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