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Int J Pharm. 2010 Jan 29;385(1-2):150-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2009.10.014. Epub 2009 Oct 13.

LyP-1-conjugated nanoparticles for targeting drug delivery to lymphatic metastatic tumors.

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  • 1Pancreatic Disease Institute, Department of General Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China.


Active tumor targeting by biodegradable nanoparticles has been widely studied for cancer diagnosis and therapy. However, target-specific nanoparticles for drug delivery to lymphatic metastases have not been reported yet due to the lack of specific markers in the tumor lymphatics. Recently, peptide LyP-1 has been recognized for its specific home to tumors and their lymphatics. In this study, we tested the possibility of LyP-1 serving as a target-specific peptide of PEG-PLGA nanoparticles to tumor lymph metastases. LyP-1 was synthesized by using Boc-protected amino acids. The copolymers of maleimide-PEG-PLGA were formed by the conjugation of maleimide-PEG-NH(2) to PLGA-COOH, which were applied to prepare pegylated nanoparticles with mPEG-PLGA by means of double emulsion/solvent evaporation technique. LyP-1 with sulfhydryl group was conjugated to the maleimide function located at the distal end of PEG surrounding the nanoparticle surface. LyP-1-conjugated PEG-PLGA nanoparticle (LyP-1-NPs) had a round and regular shape with a diameter around 90 nm. In vitro, cellular uptake of LyP-1-NPs was about four times of that of PEG-PLGA nanoparticles without LyP-1 (NPs). In vivo, the uptake of LyP-1-NPs in metastasis lymph nodes was about eight times of that of NPs. This study indicates that LyP-1-NP is a promising carrier for target-specific drug delivery to lymphatic metastatic tumors.

2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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