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Opt Lett. 2009 Jul 15;34(14):2240-2. doi: 10.1364/OL.34.002240.

More than threefold expansion of highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber cores for low-loss fusion splicing.

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  • 1Department of Physics, University of Bath, Bath, UK.


We have formed low-loss fusion splices from highly nonlinear (HNL) photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with small cores and high air-filling fractions to fibers with much larger mode field diameters (MFDs). The PCF core was locally enlarged by the controlled collapse of holes around the core while keeping other holes open. The fiber was then cleaved at the enlarged core and spliced to the large MFD fiber with a conventional electric arc fusion splicer. Splice losses as low as 0.36 dB were achieved between a PCF and a standard single-mode fiber (SMF) with MFDs of 1.8 microm and 5.9 microm, respectively.

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