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Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Oct 7;(4):CD007435. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007435.pub2.

Blood pressure lowering efficacy of coenzyme Q10 for primary hypertension.

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  • 1Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies have shown that coenzyme Q10 deficiency is associated with cardiovascular disease. Hypertension is a commonly measured surrogate marker for non-fatal and fatal cardiovascular endpoints such as heart attacks and strokes. Clinical trials have suggested that coenzyme Q10 supplementation can effectively lower blood pressure (BP).

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the blood pressure lowering effect of coenzyme Q10 in primary hypertension.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2009 Issue 2), MEDLINE (1966 -May 2008), EMBASE (1982 - May 2008), and CINAHL (1970 - May 2008) as well as the reference lists of articles were searched for relevant clinical trials in any language.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled parallel or crossover trials evaluating the BP lowering efficacy of coenzyme Q10 for a duration of at least 3 weeks in patients with primary hypertension.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

The primary author independently assessed the risk of bias and extracted the data. The second author verified data extraction.

MAIN RESULTS:

Three clinical trials with a total of 96 participants were evaluated for the effects of coenzyme Q10 on blood pressure compared to placebo. Treatment with coenzyme Q10 in subjects with systolic BP (SBP) > 140 mmHg or diastolic BP (DBP) > 90 mmHg resulted in mean decreases in SBP of 11 mmHg (95% CI 8, 14) and DBP of 7 mmHg (95% CI 5, 8).

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

Due to the possible unreliability of some of the included studies, it is uncertain whether or not coenzyme Q10 reduces blood pressure in the long-term management of primary hypertension.

PMID:
19821418
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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