Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Virol. 2009 Dec;46(4):314-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2009.09.020. Epub 2009 Oct 8.

Microneutralization assay for the measurement of neutralizing antibodies to human metapneumovirus.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, NY 14621-3001, USA.



Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a newly discovered virus which causes respiratory illness in persons of all ages.


A simple and rapid method to determine neutralizing antibody titers against hMPV is needed to facilitate the development of vaccines and therapeutics for hMPV. Therefore, we sought to adapt the methodology used for RSV microneutralization assay (MNA) to measure neutralizing antibody titers against hMPV.


Serial 2-fold dilutions of serum were made in 96 well microtiter plates and incubated with approximately 50pfu of hMPV A or B strain for 60min at room temperature. LLC-MK2 cells were added to the serum-virus mixtures and plates incubated at 35 degrees C in CO(2) for 5 days. Plates were fixed with acetone; air dried, blocked and then developed with monoclonal antibody to the hMPV N protein followed by horse radish peroxidase labeled antibody and substrate. Neutralization titer was defined as the titer of serum that reduced color development by 50% compared to the positive control wells.


Titers measured by MNA correlated well with those determined by standard plaque reduction assay (R=0.77). Neutralization titers determined by MNA demonstrated excellent inter-assay variability (coefficient of variance=7%). In addition, there was good correlation of antibody titers from 10 hMPV infected adults measured by MNA using either group A or group B hMPV (R=0.87).


MNA is a simple and reproducible method for the measurement of serum neutralizing antibody against hMPV.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk