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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2009 Nov;39(11):713-9. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hyp099. Epub 2009 Oct 6.

Second-line chemotherapy with biweekly paclitaxel after failure of fluoropyrimidine-based treatment in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer: a report from the gastrointestinal oncology group of the Tokyo cooperative oncology group, TCOG GC-0501 trial.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University East Hospital, 2-1-1 Asamizodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 228-8520, Japan. koizumi@med.kitasato-u.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A multicenter trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of paclitaxel every 2 weeks in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer who had previously received fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy.

METHODS:

The subjects were patients with gastric cancer who had disease progression or recurrence while receiving fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy. All patients had adequate major organ functions with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) of 0-2. Paclitaxel 140 mg/m(2) was administered intravenously on days 1 and 15 of a 4-week cycle. The primary endpoint was the response rate. Secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival and safety.

RESULTS:

Response was assessable in 40 of 41 enrolled patients. Their median age was 63 (range: 48-77) years, and PS was 0 in 22 patients, 1 in 13 and 2 in 5. Previous treatment included S-1 (1 M tegafur-0.4 M gimestat-1 M otastat potassium) monotherapy in 32 patients and S-1-based combination therapy in 5. The median number of administered courses of paclitaxel was 3.5 (1-14). The response rate was 17.5% (95% confidence interval: 7.3-32.8%, partial response: 7, stable disease: 21, progressive disease: 10 and not evaluable: 2). The disease control rate was 70.0%, the median PFS was 111 days and the median overall survival was 254 days. Major adverse events of Grade 3 or 4 were neutropenia (27.5%), anemia (12.5%), diarrhea (2.5%) and sensory neuropathy (2.5%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Biweekly paclitaxel seemed to be one of the useful chemotherapies after failure of fluoropyrimidine-based treatment in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer.

PMID:
19812061
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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