Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2010 Jun;20(3):465-76. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2009.08.001. Epub 2009 Oct 6.

Shoulder and elbow muscle activity during fully supported trajectory tracking in people who have had a stroke.

Author information

  • 1School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK.


An inability to perform tasks involving reaching is a common problem for stroke patients. This paper provides an insight into mechanisms associated with recovery of upper limb function by examining how stroke participants' upper limb muscle activation patterns differ from those of neurologically intact participants, and how they change in response to an intervention. In this study, five chronic stroke participants undertook nine tracking tasks in which trajectory (orientation and length), speed and resistance to movement were varied. During these tasks, EMG signals were recorded from triceps, biceps, anterior deltoid, upper, middle and lower trapezius and pectoralis major. Data collection was performed in sessions both before, and after, an intervention in which participants performed a similar range of tracking tasks with the addition of responsive electrical stimulation applied to their triceps muscle. The intervention consisted of eighteen one hour treatment sessions, with two participants attending an additional seven sessions. During all sessions, each participant's arm was supported by a hinged arm-holder which constrained their hand to move in a two dimensional plane. Analysis of the pre intervention EMG data showed that timing and amplitude of peak EMG activity for all stroke participants differed from neurologically intact participants. Analysis of post intervention EMG data revealed that statistically significant changes in these quantities had occurred towards those of neurologically intact participants.

(c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk