Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 2009 Dec 14;425(1):215-23. doi: 10.1042/BJ20091112.

C/EBP transcription factors regulate SREBP1c gene expression during adipogenesis.

Author information

  • 1University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK.

Abstract

The transcription factor SREBP1c (sterol-regulatory-element-binding protein 1c) is highly expressed in adipose tissue and plays a central role in several aspects of adipocyte development including the induction of PPARgamma (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma), the generation of an endogenous PPARgamma ligand and the expression of several genes critical for lipid biosynthesis. Despite its significance, the regulation of SREBP1c expression during adipogenesis is not well characterized. We have noted that in several models of adipogenesis, SREBP1c expression closely mimics that of known C/EBPbeta (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta) targets. Inhibition of C/EBP activity during adipogenesis by expressing either the dominant-negative C/EBPbeta LIP (liver-enriched inhibitory protein) isoform, the co-repressor ETO (eight-twenty one/MTG8) or using siRNAs (small interfering RNAs) targeting either C/EBPbeta or C/EBPdelta significantly impaired early SREBP1c induction. Furthermore, ChIP (chromatin immunoprecipitation) assays identified specific sequences in the SREBP1c promoter to which C/EBPbeta and C/EBPdelta bind in intact cells, demonstrating that these factors may directly regulate SREBP1c expression. Using cells in which C/EBPalpha expression is inhibited using shRNA (short hairpin RNA) and ChIP assays we show that C/EBPalpha replaces C/EBPbeta and C/EBPdelta as a regulator of SREBP1c expression in maturing adipocytes. These results provide novel insight into the induction of SREBP1c expression during adipogenesis. Moreover, the findings of the present study identify an important additional mechanism via which the C/EBP transcription factors may control a network of gene expression regulating adipogenesis, lipogenesis and insulin sensitivity.

PMID:
19811452
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2913385
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Portland Press Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk