Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Invest Radiol. 2009 Nov;44(11):697-704. doi: 10.1097/RLI.0b013e3181b092a7.

Thrombus imaging with fibrin-specific gadolinium-based MR contrast agent EP-2104R: results of a phase II clinical study of feasibility.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiodiagnostic, Hospital Na Homolce, Praha, Czech Republic.



To determine the feasibility of detecting thrombi using a fibrin-specific gadolinium-based magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent, EP-2104R.


Subjects with confirmed thrombus in the venous system (n = 14), or in the heart, or arterial system (n = 38) were enrolled. Patients were imaged before and at various times following a 4 mumol/kg intravenous bolus injection of EP-2104R: <1 hour (N = 16), 2 to 6 hours (N = 36), and/or 20 to 36 hours (N = 33). Images were assessed by investigators at each site and by a single reader not affiliated with the sites to determine whether thrombi were visible, not visible, or further enhanced with EP-2104R. A subset of data was analyzed quantitatively by measuring a signal intensity relative to background tissue.


Overall, 29 thrombi were visible before contrast administration, 3 of 14 in the venous system, and 26 of 38 in the arteries and heart. Thrombi generally enhanced in signal after EP-2104R injection, and an additional 7 were visualized. After contrast, 4 of 14 thrombi were visible in the venous system, and 32 of 38 in the arteries and heart. Thrombi were more conspicuous when imaged at 2 to 6 hours post EP-2104R compared with within 1 hour, because of lower blood background. Quantitatively, the post: pre signal intensity ratio was 1.90 at 2 to 6 hours post injection (standard deviation = 1.08, N = 20, P < 0.001); and 2.04 (standard deviation = 1.29, N = 19, P < 0.0025) for the 20 to 36 hours time point. There were no serious adverse events considered related to study drug.


EP-2104R enhanced magnetic resonance imaging detects thrombi not readily visible in precontrast screening and gives additional enhancement of thrombi that are visible in precontrast imaging.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk