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J Pers. 2009 Dec;77(6):1903-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00604.x. Epub 2009 Oct 6.

Increasing psychological well-being and resilience by psychotherapeutic methods.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat, 5, 40127 Bologna, Italy.


A specific psychotherapeutic strategy for increasing psychological well-being and resilience, well-being therapy, has been developed and validated in a number of randomized controlled trials. The findings indicate that flourishing and resilience can be promoted by specific interventions leading to a positive evaluation of one's self, a sense of continued growth and development, the belief that life is purposeful and meaningful, the possession of quality relations with others, the capacity to manage effectively one's life, and a sense of self-determination. A decreased vulnerability to depression and anxiety has been demonstrated after well-being therapy in high-risk populations. There are important implications for the state/trait dichotomy in psychological well-being and for the concept of recovery in mood and anxiety disorders.

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