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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2009 Nov;120(5):373-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2009.01448.x.

Psychotherapy of borderline personality disorder.

Author information

  • Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. zanarini@mclean.harvard.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Psychotherapy is considered the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD). Currently, there are four comprehensive psychosocial treatments for BPD. Two of these treatments are considered psychodynamic in nature: mentalization-based treatment and transference-focused psychotherapy. The other two are considered to be cognitive-behavioral in nature: dialectical behavioral therapy and schema-focused therapy.

METHOD:

A review of the relevant literature was conducted.

RESULTS:

Each of these lengthy and complex psychotherapies significantly reduces the severity of borderline psychopathology or at least some aspects of it, particularly physically self-destructive acts.

CONCLUSION:

Comprehensive, long-term psychotherapy can be a useful form of treatment for those with BPD. However, less intensive and less costly forms of treatment need to be developed.

PMID:
19807718
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3876885
Free PMC Article
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