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J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Oct;24 Suppl 3:S93-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2009.06078.x.

The role of basic nutritional research in pediatric liver disease: An historical perspective.

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  • 1The School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland 4006, Australia.


The advent of liver transplantation for end-stage liver disease (ESLD) in children has necessitated a major rethink in the preoperative preparation and management from simple palliative care to active directed intervention. This is particularly evident in the approach to the nutritional care of these patients with the historical understanding of the nutritional pertubations in ESLD being described from a single pediatric liver transplant center. ESLD in children is a hypermetabolic process adversely affecting nutritional status, metabolic, and non-metabolic body compartments. There is a complex dynamic process affecting metabolic activity within the metabolically active body cell mass, as well as lipid oxidation during fasting and at rest, with other factors operating in conjunction with daily activities. We have proposed that immediately ingested nutrients are a more important source of energy in patients with ESLD than in healthy children, among whom energy may be stored in various body compartments.

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