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J Diabetes Complications. 2010 Sep-Oct;24(5):306-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2009.07.007. Epub 2009 Sep 30.

Transforming growth factor beta 1 as a biomarker of diabetic peripheral neuropathy: cross-sectional study.

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  • 1Instituto de Cardiolog√≠a Avanzada (ICAMED), Centro Medico Teknon, Barcelona, Spain. juanybarra@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Simple and efficient screening methods are lacking for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), the most common and most difficult to treat of the long-term diabetic complications. Increased levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFbeta1) in type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM) plays an immunomodulatory role in diabetic nephropathy and, possibly, in atherosclerotic evolution. Since preliminary interrelationships between experimental DPN and TGFbeta1 have been observed, we sought to assess whether TGFbeta1 could be a biomarker molecule for human DPN.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Cross-sectional cohort study focused on the assessment of the interrelationships between TGFbeta1 levels, cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetic nephropathy (DNF), and neuropathy (DPN) in a group of T2DM patients (N=180; male 117, female 63) randomly selected from the North Catalonia Diabetes Study. DPN was diagnosed using clinical and neurophysiology evaluation. Incipient DNF was assessed by microalbuminuria (MAU). Total TGFbeta1 (without acidification) was measured by immunoassay by ELISA (Promega).

RESULTS:

DPN correlated with age, time of diabetes duration, MAU, CVD, and TGFbeta1 (P<.0001). Log-transformed TGFbeta1 (logTGbeta1) was significantly higher in patients with DPN than in those without (P<.0005). LogTGFbeta1 (OR=7.5; P=.006), age (OR=1.1; P<.0005), and logMAU (OR=2.0; P=.016) appear as significant estimators of the occurrence of DPN in our series. The integrated ROC curve evaluation with these three parameters expressed an important sensitivity (78.1%), specificity (76.0%), positive predictive value (79.2%), and negative predictive value (70.3%) in relation to DPN presence.

DISCUSSION:

TGFbeta1 stands as an important biomarker molecule for DFN and DPN screening in our series. Further prospective studies are warranted.

PMID:
19796969
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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