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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Oct;141(4):516-521. doi: 10.1016/j.otohns.2009.06.751.

Proposal for staging airway hemangiomas.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA 98105-0371, USA. jonathan.perkins@seattlechildrens.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe a method of airway infantile hemangioma staging using standardized assessment of airway narrowing, and hemangioma location and volume, as determined with endoscopy and CT angiography.

STUDY DESIGN:

Case series with chart review.

SETTING:

Tertiary pediatric hospital, 2003-2008.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Subjects included airway hemangioma patients evaluated at a tertiary pediatric hospital. Data collected were age at first symptoms, diagnostic evaluation, percent airway compromise, and estimated hemangioma volume. Data were analyzed with descriptive and Fisher exact statistics.

RESULTS:

Twelve patients were identified and seven had complete data sets. Mean age at first symptoms was 1.9 months (SD 1.09 months, range 0.5-4 months). Evaluation consisted of nasopharyngoscopy, microlaryngoscopy, CT angiography, and/or MRI. Mean laryngeal airway narrowing was estimated at 63.75 percent (SD 19.0%, range 40%-90%). Total hemangioma volume was less in patients with isolated (focal) endolaryngeal hemangiomas compared with airway hemangiomas associated with extralaryngeal (segmental) hemangiomas. Airway hemangioma stages were stage one (5 of 12; 41.6%), stage two (6 of 12; 50.0%), and stage three (1 of 12; 8.3%).

CONCLUSION:

This method of airway hemangioma staging may be applicable to treatment planning and used to measure treatment outcomes.

PMID:
19786222
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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