Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Trends Neurosci. 2009 Dec;32(12):611-8. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2009.07.007. Epub 2009 Sep 24.

Critical role of nociceptor plasticity in chronic pain.

Author information

  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Division of Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0440, USA.

Abstract

The transition from acute to chronic pain states might be the most important challenge in research to improve clinical treatment of debilitating pain. We describe a recently identified mechanism of neuronal plasticity in primary afferent nociceptive nerve fibers (nociceptors) by which an acute inflammatory insult or environmental stressor can trigger long-lasting hypersensitivity of nociceptors to inflammatory cytokines. This phenomenon, "hyperalgesic priming," depends on the epsilon isoform of protein kinase C (PKCepsilon) and a switch in intracellular signaling pathways that mediate cytokine-induced nociceptor hyperexcitability. We discuss the impact of this discovery on our understanding of, and ultimately our ability to treat, a variety of enigmatic and debilitating pain conditions, including those associated with repetitive injury, and generalized pain conditions, such as fibromyalgia.

PMID:
19781793
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2787756
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk