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Conn Med. 2009 Sep;73(8):453-6.

Thoracic endometriosis: an unusual cause of hemothorax.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Hospital of Saint Raphael, New Haven, USA.


In this report we describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of a 45-year-old woman with thoracic endometriosis. Four clinical presentations have been described. The majority have presented with catamenial pneumothorax, followed by hemothorax, hemoptysis and lung nodules. Our patient presented with right-sided hemothorax and lung nodules. Video-assisted thoracoscopic aurgery confirmed the presence of endometrial tissue embedded in the diaphragmatic pleura. Talc pleurodesis alongwith atotal abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy led to a clinical and radiological resolution.

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