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J Med Virol. 2009 Nov;81(11):1847-51. doi: 10.1002/jmv.21601.

Correlation between HIV-1 seropositivity and prevalence of a gamma-secretase polymorphism in two distinct ethnic populations.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Animal Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour and Nijmegen Center for Molecular Life Sciences, Nijmegen 6525 GA , The Netherlands.


Susceptibility for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection may be influenced by host genetics. Recent findings with a Wistar rat model raised the possibility that the gamma-secretase pathway may be associated with an individual's susceptibility to infection. A functional single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the gamma-secretase component APH1B (Phe217Leu; rs1047552) was therefore analyzed for association with HIV-1 infection. The SNP showed a tendency for association with HIV-1 infection in a Xhosa indigenous South African Bantu study (P = 0.087), and associated significantly in a Caucasian Dutch study (P = 0.049). Together, the results suggest a role for the gamma-secretase pathway in susceptibility to HIV-1 infection.

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