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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2010 Mar 5;316(1):66-78. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2009.09.017. Epub 2009 Sep 20.

Diversity and biological significance of sex hormone-binding globulin in fish, an evolutionary perspective.

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  • 1INRA, UR1037 SCRIBE, IFR140, Fish Reproduction Group, Ouest-Genopole, F-35000 Rennes, France. Julien.Bobe@rennes.inra.fr

Abstract

In fish, two different genes, shbga and shbgb, exist that encode for very different proteins. Shbga is the ortholog of mammalian Shbg and was found in all investigated teleosts. In contrast, Shbgb is highly divergent and appears to be a salmonid-specific protein. Here, we review existing data on fish Shbga and Shbgb that have been obtained in chondrichthyes and osteichtyes. Even though other significant expression sites exist, existing data indicate that Shbga is mainly expressed in liver and subsequently secreted into the blood as a homodimer. In contrast, Shbgb is mainly expressed in the ovary, probably secreted as a monomer, and could contribute to the regulation of local steroid action. Binding studies indicate a specialization of circulating Shbg during evolution towards the preferential binding of estradiol and testosterone in teleosts. In contrast, specific fish steroids such as 11-oxo-androgens and oocyte maturation-inducing steroids that are crucial for reproduction are poorly bound by either form of Shbg.

2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
19772892
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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