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Proteins. 2010 Feb 15;78(3):506-17. doi: 10.1002/prot.22573.

Allostery and conformational free energy changes in human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase from essential dynamics and structure networks.

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  • 1Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.

Abstract

The interdependence of the concept of allostery and enzymatic catalysis, and they being guided by conformational mobility is gaining increased prominence. However, to gain a molecular level understanding of allostery and hence of enzymatic catalysis, it is of utter importance that the networks of amino acids participating in allostery be deciphered. Our lab has been exploring the methods of network analysis combined with molecular dynamics simulations to understand allostery at molecular level. Earlier we had outlined methods to obtain communication paths and then to map the rigid/flexible regions of proteins through network parameters like the shortest correlated paths, cliques, and communities. In this article, we advance the methodology to estimate the conformational populations in terms of cliques/communities formed by interactions including the side-chains and then to compute the ligand-induced population shift. Finally, we obtain the free-energy landscape of the protein in equilibrium, characterizing the free-energy minima accessed by the protein complexes. We have chosen human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (hTrpRS), a protein responsible for charging tryptophan to its cognate tRNA during protein biosynthesis for this investigation. This is a multidomain protein exhibiting excellent allosteric communication. Our approach has provided valuable structural as well as functional insights into the protein. The methodology adopted here is highly generalized to illuminate the linkage between protein structure networks and conformational mobility involved in the allosteric mechanism in any protein with known structure.

PMID:
19768679
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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