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Langmuir. 2009 Oct 20;25(20):12006-10. doi: 10.1021/la9029613.

Processing of graphene for electrochemical application: noncovalently functionalize graphene sheets with water-soluble electroactive methylene green.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, PR China.


To explore graphene applications in various fields, the processability of graphene becomes one of the important key issues, particularly with the increasing availability of synthetic graphene approaches, because the direct dispersion of hydrophobic graphene in water is prone to forming agglomerates irreversibly. Here, a facile method is proposed to increase the dispersity of graphene through noncovalent functionalization graphene with a water-soluble aromatic electroactive dye, methylene green (MG), during chemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO) with hydrazine. Atomic force microscopic and UV-vis spectrophotometric results demonstrate that chemically reduced graphene (CRG) functionalized with MG (CRG-MG) is well-dispersed into water through the coulomb repulsion between MG-adsorbed CRG sheets. The electrochemical properties of the formed CRG-MG are investigated, and the results demonstrate that CRG-MG confined onto a glassy carbon (GC) electrode has lower charge-transfer resistance and better electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of NADH, in relation to pristine CRG (i.e., without MG functionalization). This method not only offers a facile approach to dispersing graphene in water but also is envisaged to be useful for investigations on graphene-based electrochemistry.

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