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Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul;53(4):352-67. doi: 10.1007/s10384-009-0688-1. Epub 2009 Sep 8.

Magnetic resonance imaging of the retina.

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  • 1Research Imaging Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA.


This paper reviews recent developments in high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its application to image anatomy, physiology, and function in the retina of animals. It describes technical issues and solutions in performing retinal MRI, anatomical MRI, blood oxygenation level-dependent functional MRI (fMRI), and blood-flow MRI both of normal retinas and of retinal degeneration. MRI offers unique advantages over existing retinal imaging techniques, including the ability to image multiple layers without depth limitation and to provide multiple clinically relevant data in a single setting. Retinal MRI has the potential to complement existing retinal imaging techniques.

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