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Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2009;30(4):375-8.

Ovarian carcinoma apparently confined to the ovaries--the accuracy of surgical staging in Israel.

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  • 1Gynecologic Oncology Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, E. Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel.



In order to allot an ovarian malignancy to FIGO Stage I, in addition to abdominal exploration and the basic operation, it is also necessary to do peritoneal washings for cytological examination, random peritoneal biopsies (including diaphragmatic assessment) and omental and retroperitoneal lymph node assessment.


The aim of the study was to assess the accuracy of surgical staging of ovarian carcinoma classified as Stage I in Israel.


Included were all patients with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) classified as Stage I in a data base of a nationwide incidence case control epidemiological study of ovarian carcinoma conducted in Israeli Jewish women during the period 1994-1999. Surgical staging data of these patients were retrieved from pathological reports, and from clinical records when available.


A total of 182 EOC patients were classified as Stage I. About 86% of the patients underwent hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The most commonly performed staging procedure was omental assessment (85.2%) while peritoneal biopsy was the least common one (34.1%). In 17 (9.3%) of the patients none of the staging procedures were done and only 34 (18.7%) had optimal staging.


Although the data are from a decade ago, they seem to indicate the need for an increased awareness of the necessity for accurate surgical staging of tumors apparently confined to the ovaries since it can identify a group of patients who require surgical therapy alone and who can be spared the complications, inconvenience and cost of adjuvant chemotherapy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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