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J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Nov;47(11):3663-8. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00695-09. Epub 2009 Sep 16.

Foot-and-mouth disease virus antigen detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using multiserotype-reactive monoclonal antibodies.

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  • 1Exotic Diseases Research Station, National Institute of Animal Health, 6-20-1 Josuihoncho Kodaira, Tokyo 187-0022, Japan. morioka@affrc.go.jp

Abstract

Monoclonal antibody (MAb)-based sandwich direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MSD-ELISA) methods that can detect foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antigens, both multiserotype (MSD-ELISA/MS) (for O, A, C, and Asia 1) and single-serotype (MSD-ELISA/SS) (for O, A, and Asia 1, specifically), were developed. MAb 1H5 was used as an antigen-trapping antibody that reacted with all seven serotypes of FMDV. The MAbs 71F2, 70C4, 16C6, and 7C2 were used as peroxidase-labeled detecting antibodies for multiple serotypes (O, A, C, and Asia 1), type O, type A, and type Asia 1, respectively, in both MSD-ELISA/MS and MSD-ELISA/SS. Our MSD-ELISAs showed high specificity. They produced a very low background of negative samples (buffer, plasma, and saliva) and were able to detect FMDV antigens from clinical samples (plasma and saliva), with results correlating with those of real-time reverse transcription-PCR. In terms of sensitivity, the MSD-ELISAs showed higher optical density values against each diluted serotype antigen than the indirect sandwich ELISA method, which is currently recommended in the manual of the World Organization for Animal Health. The sensitivity and specificity of the MSD-ELISAs seem to be sufficient for the antigenic diagnosis of FMDV.

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