Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Aug;38(4):483-94.

Toward the development of evidence-based guidelines for the management of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus otitis.

Author information

  • 1Division of Otolaryngology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

(1) To determine the causative bacteriology of discharging ears in a case series from a tertiary/quaternary academic centre serving an urban population and from a review of the literature and (2) to develop treatment guidelines for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) otorrhea based on the best available evidence.

METHODS:

A retrospective analysis of all "ear" cultures from the microbiology laboratory at St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, was performed to ascertain a qualitative analysis on the susceptibility and bacteriology data. A systematic review of the literature was performed for all studies examining the bacteriology, susceptibility, and treatment for any MRSA infection producing otorrhea.

RESULTS:

Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) were present in 39.7% and 13.5%, respectively, of ear cultures obtained at our institution versus 9.9 to 54.1% and 25.0 to 48.6% in identified studies in the literature. Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) was present more frequently than MRSA (31.2% vs 8.5% at our institution; 16.9% vs 6.9% in the literature). MRSA isolates were often resistant to gentamicin (14.8%) and ciprofloxacin (7.7%) but susceptible to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) (85.3%) and fusidic acid (96.3%), suggesting a preponderance of the "community strain" of MRSA.

CONCLUSION:

The susceptibility of MRSA to antibiotics in commonly used otic drops (ie, gentamicin and ciprofloxacin) is low. Based on the available data, we suggest an evidence-based approach to the management of MRSA otorrhea considering whether the strain is community or hospital acquired and whether the tympanic membrane is intact.

PMID:
19755090
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk