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Nano Lett. 2009 Nov;9(11):3896-903. doi: 10.1021/nl902095q.

Strong polarization dependence of plasmon-enhanced fluorescence on single gold nanorods.

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  • 1Department of Physics, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR.

Abstract

We report on the strong polarization dependence of the plasmon-enhanced fluorescence on single gold nanorods. The fluorescence from the organic fluorophores that are embedded in a mesostructured silica shell around individual gold nanorods is enhanced by the longitudinal plasmon resonance of the nanorods. Our electrostatic calculations show that under an off-resonance excitation, the electric field intensity contour around a nanorod rotates away from the length axis as the excitation polarization is varied. The polarization dependence of the plasmon-enhanced fluorescence is ascribed to the dependence of the averaged electric field intensity enhancement within the silica shell on the excitation polarization. The measured fluorescence enhancement factor is in very good agreement with that obtained from the electrostatic calculations. The fluorescence enhancement factor increases as the longitudinal plasmon wavelength is synthetically tuned close to the excitation wavelength. In addition, the polarization dependence is used to determine the orientation angle of the gold nanorods. The results are in excellent agreement with the actual measurements. Furthermore, the emission spectrum of the fluorophore is modified by the longitudinal plasmon resonance of the gold nanorods. A linear correlation between the emission peak wavelength and the longitudinal plasmon wavelength is obtained.

PMID:
19754068
[PubMed]
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