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Opt Lett. 1989 Oct 1;14(19):1068-70.

Amplification of femtosecond optical pulses using a double confocal resonator.


We experimentally examine a class of multipass amplifiers based on an open double confocal resonator. A preamplifier provides a gain of 800. An intermediate-stage amplifier produces pulse energies of 2 microJ for only 1.4 W of pump power at a repetition rate of 10 kHz. A third structure, which includes a four-prism sequence, provides on each pass adjustable forms of the four basic pulse-shaping mechanisms of saturable gain, saturable absorption, group-velocity dispersion, and self-phase modulation, as well as spectral filtering. This latter structure also reversibly lengthens the pulse duration in the gain medium from 50 fsec to over 450 fsec.

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