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Opt Lett. 1989 Sep 1;14(17):955-7.

High-sensitivity, single-beam n(2) measurements.


We present a simple yet highly sensitive single-beam experimental technique for the determination of both the sign and magnitude of n(2). The sample is moved along the z direction of a focused Gaussian beam while the repetitively pulsed laser energy is held fixed. The resultant plot of transmittance through an aperture in the far field yields a dispersion-shaped curve from which n(2) is easily calculated. A transmittance change of 1% corresponds to a phase distortion of approximately lambda/250. We demonstrate this method on several materials using both CO(2) and Nd:YAG laser pulses.

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