Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cloning Stem Cells. 2009 Sep;11(3):427-35. doi: 10.1089/clo.2009.0024.

BMP-11 and myostatin support undifferentiated growth of human embryonic stem cells in feeder-free cultures.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Vic 3168, Australia.


BMP-11/GDF-11 and Myostatin/GDF-8 are both members of the TGF-beta superfamily that can activate SMAD2/3 phosphorylation via the type I receptors ALK4, ALK5, or ALK7. We tested the ability of BMP-11 and Myostatin to promote self-renewal of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) under feeder-free and serum-free culture conditions in short term (1 week) and medium term cultures (10 weeks). We show that hESC cultured in serum-free medium supplemented with either 20 ng/mL Myostatin or 20 ng/mL BMP-11 maintain the colony and cellular morphology of undifferentiated hESC, maintain POU5f1, NANOG, TRA-1-60, and SSEA4 expression, and display increased SMAD2/3 phosphorylation, similar to hESC cultured in mouse embryonic fibroblast feeder-CM or 20 ng/mL Activin-A. The type I TGF-beta receptor inhibitor SB431542 totally inhibited the maintenance activity of both Myostatin or BMP-11 supplemented medium. Our data show that members of the TGF-beta superfamily, other than Activin-A and GDF3, are able to maintain hES cells in an undifferentiated state under feeder free conditions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

MeSH Terms, Substances

MeSH Terms


PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk