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Genomics. 1990 Aug;7(4):524-30.

Informativeness of human (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n polymorphisms.

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  • 1Marshfield Medical Research Foundation, Wisconsin 54449.


Abundant human interspersed repetitive DNA sequences of the form (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n have been shown to exhibit length polymorphisms. Examination of over 100 human (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n sequences revealed that the sequences differed from each other both in numbers of repeats and in repeat sequence type. Using a set of precise classification rules, the sequences were divided into three categories: perfect repeat sequences without interruptions in the runs of CA or GT dinucleotides (64% of total), imperfect repeat sequences with one or more interruptions in the run of repeats (25%), and compound repeat sequences with adjacent tandem simple repeats of a different sequence (11%). Informativeness of (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n markers in the perfect sequence category was found to increase with increasing average numbers of repeats. PIC values ranged from 0 at about 10 or fewer repeats to above 0.8 for sequences with about 24 or more repeats. (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n polymorphisms in the imperfect sequence category showed lower informativeness than expected on the basis of the total numbers of repeats. The longest run of uninterrupted CA or GT repeats was found to be the best predictor of informativeness of (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n polymorphisms regardless of the repeat sequence category.

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