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Eur J Immunol. 1990 Jul;20(7):1577-81.

CD4+ T cells in murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: evidence for an intrinsic defect in the proliferative response to soluble antigen.

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  • 1Laboratory of Immunopathology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.


C57BL/6 mice inoculated with LP-BM5 murine leukemia viruses develop an immunodeficiency syndrome, termed murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS), characterized by a variety of functional abnormalities of T and B cells. In the present study, we have analyzed the ability of lymph node cells from infected mice to generate secondary in vitro proliferative responses to soluble antigens. Our data demonstrate that the ability of lymph node cells to proliferate in response to soluble antigen or T cell mitogens declines progressively during the course of MAIDS. Impaired proliferative responses were shown to be characteristic of purified CD4+ but not CD8+ cells from infected mice when stimulated in the presence of normal accessory cells. In addition, the impaired responses of unseparated lymph node cells from infected mice could be reconstituted by the addition of purified CD4+ T cells from nodes of primed normal animals. These results strongly suggest that an intrinsic CD4+ T cell defect developing during the course of MAIDS contributes significantly to impaired responses to mitogens and to impaired secondary in vitro proliferative responses to soluble antigen.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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