Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ethiop Med J. 2009 Jan;47(2):109-15.

Screening and case detection for tuberculosis among people living with HIV in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Author information

  • 1School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The spread of HIV epidemic in Africa has resulted in a fourfold increase in the number of tuberculosis cases. Screening for tuberculosis among people living with HIV would increase case detection. In Ethiopia, it is neither practiced well nor researched in depth.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the proportion of Screening and Case Detection for Tuberculosis among People Living with HIV.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Between February 2008 and May 2008, a cross sectional facility-based survey was conducted by exit interview of 406 people living with HIV whether they have been asked by health providers for the presence of cough or unusual lump in their lymph node sites as recommended by National TB/HIV implementation guideline from HIV chronic care.

RESULT:

Based on our findings, 89.7% of clients reported being screened for tuberculosis at least once during their follow-up visits. The case detection rate while screening was 15.6%. Male respondents were about two times more likely to be diagnosed for tuberculosis than females [AOR (95% CI) 2.18 (1.30-3.66)].

CONCLUSIONS:

In general, there was high proportion of screening and case detection for tuberculosis among people living with HIV. The screening has to be well strengthened as many more active cases can be detected.

PMID:
19743790
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk