Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Nov;47(11):3514-9. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01193-09. Epub 2009 Sep 9.

Infections with VIM-1 metallo-{beta}-lactamase-producing enterobacter cloacae and their correlation with clinical outcome.

Author information

  • 1Nosocomial Infections Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Policlinico Umberto I, University of Rome La Sapienza, Viale dell'Universit√† 37, 00185 Rome, Italy.


The aim of this study was to ascertain the incidence and clinical significance of metallo-beta-lactamases among Enterobacter strains isolated from patients with nosocomial infections. We prospectively collected data on patients with Enterobacter infection during a 13-month period. All of the strains were investigated for antibiotic susceptibility, the presence and expression of metallo-beta-lactamases, and clonality. Of 29 infections (11 involving the urinary tract, 7 pneumonias, 3 skin/soft tissue infections, 3 intra-abdominal infections, 3 bacteremias, and 2 other infections), 7 (24%) were caused by Enterobacter cloacae strains harboring a bla(VIM-1) gene associated or not with a bla(SHV12) gene. Infections caused by VIM-1-producing strains were more frequently associated with a recent prior hospitalization (P = 0.006), cirrhosis (P = 0.03), relapse of infection (P < 0.001), and more prolonged duration of antibiotic therapy (P = 0.01) than were other infections. All of the isolates were susceptible to imipenem and meropenem and had bla(VIM-1) preceded by a weak P1 promoter and inactivated P2 promoters. Most VIM-1-producing Enterobacter isolates belonged to a main clone, but four different clones were found. Multiclonal VIM-1-producing E. cloacae infections are difficult to diagnose due to an apparent susceptibility to various beta-lactams, including carbapenems, and are associated with a high relapse rate and a more prolonged duration of antibiotic therapy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk