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J Pediatr Psychol. 2010 Apr;35(3):250-61. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp069. Epub 2009 Sep 9.

A review of HIV prevention interventions for juvenile offenders.

Author information

  • 1Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center, One Hoppin Street, Coro West, Suite 204, Providence, RI 02903, USA. mtoloushams@lifespan.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To conduct a critical review of all HIV prevention intervention studies conducted with adolescents in juvenile justice settings to inform future intervention development.

METHOD:

PubMed and PsycInfo database searches were conducted for peer-reviewed, published HIV prevention intervention studies with juvenile offenders.

RESULTS:

Sixteen studies were identified (N = 3,700 adolescents). Half of the projects utilized rigorous methodologies to determine intervention effect on behavior change, such as conducting a randomized controlled trial (n = 8). Nine studies reported behaviors at least 3 months post-intervention and five out of nine showed decreases in sexual risk behavior.

CONCLUSIONS:

Several HIV prevention programs with juvenile offenders have led to sexual risk reduction, although effect sizes are modest. Most existing programs have neglected to address the impact of family, mental health, and substance use on HIV risk. More work is needed to develop evidence-based interventions that include HIV prevention strategies relevant and appropriate for the juvenile justice setting.

PMID:
19741021
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2902828
Free PMC Article
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