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Pediatrics. 2009 Oct;124(4):e782-92. doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-0333. Epub 2009 Sep 7.

Efficacy of interventions to improve motor development in young children: a systematic review.

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  • 1Child Obesity Research Centre, Faculty of Education, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to systematically review evidence from controlled trials on the efficacy of motor development interventions in young children.

METHODS:

A literature search of interventions was conducted of 14 electronic databases. Three reviewers independently evaluated studies to determine whether they met the inclusion criteria. Studies were compared on 5 components: design, methodologic quality, intervention components, efficacy, and alignment with the Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) and Transparent Reporting of Evaluation with Nonrandomized Designs (TREND) statements.

RESULTS:

Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. More than half (65%) were controlled trials and delivered at child care settings or schools (65%). Three studies had high methodologic quality. Studies were approximately 12 weeks in duration and delivered by teachers, researchers, and students. Parents were involved in only 3 studies. Nearly 60% of the studies reported statistically significant improvements at follow-up. Three studies aligned with the CONSORT and TREND statements.

CONCLUSIONS:

This review highlights the limited quantity and quality of interventions to improve motor development in young children. The following recommendations are made: (1) both teachers and researchers should be involved in the implementation of an intervention; (2) parental involvement is critical to ensuring transfer of knowledge from the intervention setting to the home environment; and (3) interventions should be methodologically sound and follow guidelines detailed in the CONSORT or TREND statement.

PMID:
19736263
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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