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[Preparation of three-dimensional porous scaffold of PLGA-silk fibroin-collagen nanofiber and its cytocompatibility study].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan 610041, PR China.



To develop three-dimensional (3D) porous nanofiber scaffold of PLGA-silk fibroin-collagen and to investigate its cytocompatibility in vitro.


Method of electrostatic spinning was used to prepare 3D porous nanofiber scaffold of PLGA-silk fibroin-collagen (the experimental group) and 3D porous nanofiber scaffold of PLGA (the control group). The scaffold in each group was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The parameters of scaffold fiber diameter, porosity, water absorption rate, and tensile strength were detected. SC harvested from the bilateral brachial plexus and sciatic nerve of 8 SD suckling rats of inbred strains were cultured. SC purity was detected by S-100 immunohistochemistry staining. The SCs at passage 4 (5 x 10(4) cells/mL) were treated with the scaffold extract of each group at a concentration of 25%, 50%, and 100%, respectively; the cells treated with DMEM served as blank control group. MTT method was used to detect absorbance (A) value 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after culture. The SC at passage 4 were seeded on the scaffold of the experimental and the control group, respectively. SEM observation was conducted 2, 4, and 6 days after co-culture, and laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) observation was performed 4 days after co-culture for the growth condition of SC on the scaffold.


SEM observation: the scaffold in two groups had interconnected porous network structure; the fiber diameter in the experimental and the control group was (141 +/- 9) nm and (205 +/- 11) nm, respectively; the pores in the scaffold were interconnected; the porosity was 87.4% +/- 1.1% and 85.3% +/- 1.3%, respectively; the water absorption rate was 2 647% +/- 172% and 2 593% +/- 161%, respectively; the tensile strength was (0.32 +/- 0.03) MPa and (0.28 +/- 0.04) MPa, respectively. S-100 immunohistochemistry staining showed that the SC purity was 96.5% +/- 1.3%. MTT detection: SC grew well in the different concentration groups and the control group, the absorbance (A) value increased over time, significant differences were noted among different time points in the same group (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between the different concentration groups and the blank control group at different time points (P > 0.05). SEM observation: in the experimental group, SC grew well on the scaffold, axon connection occurred 4 days after co-culture, the cells proliferated massively and secreted matrix 6 days after co-culture, and the growth condition of the cells was better than the control group. The condition observed by LSCM 4 days after co-culture was the same as that of SEM.


The 3D porous nanofiber scaffold PLGA-silk fibroin-collagen prepared by the method of electrostatic spinning is safe, free of toxicity, and suitable for SC growth, and has good cytocompatibility and proper aperture and porosity. It is a potential scaffold carrier for tissue engineered nerve.

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