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Hered Cancer Clin Pract. 2007 Sep 15;5(3):164-79. doi: 10.1186/1897-4287-5-3-164.

Selected aspects of inherited susceptibility to prostate cancer and tumours of different site of origin.

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  • 1Katedra Patologii, Pomorska Akademia Medyczna, Szczecin.


Epidemiologic research conducted over the last two decades has led us to believe that inherited factors play an important role in the aetiology of prostate cancer, but the genes which underlie the inherited susceptibility are elusive. The most compelling associations to date are with genes involved in DNA damage repair, including BRCA2. In Poland we have initiated a programme to identify DNA variants which confer an increased risk of prostate cancer and other cancers. Here we review our recent results. We found that germline mutations in BRCA1, CHEK2 and NBS1 confer an increased prostate cancer risk in Polish men. We provide evidence that CHEK2 is a multi-organ cancer susceptibility gene. We show that inherited variation in RNASEL and MSR1 genes do not contribute to prostate cancer development in Poland.

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