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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2009 Sep;91(9):1227-31. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.91B9.22395.

Subperiosteal resection of aneurysmal bone cysts of the distal fibula.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Jordan University, School of Medicine, Queens Rania Street, Amman 11942, Jordan.


We describe the treatment by subperiosteal resection of an aneurysmal bone cyst in the distal fibula in eight patients and highlight the role of the periosteum in the regeneration of bone defects. The mean age of the patients was 13.5 years (12 to 17). Seven had an open growth plate. The mean size of the resected specimen was 5.12 cm (3.5 to 8.0). None of the patients received instillation of bone marrow, autogenous bone graft, allograft or any synthetic bone substitutes. All had complete regeneration of the bone defect within three to nine months, with no joint instability or recurrence. The mean length of follow-up was 11.5 years (2 to 18). At the final follow-up there was no difference in the range of movement, alignment or stability of the ankle when compared with the opposite side. The periosteum played a major role in the complete filling of the bone defects and avoided the morbidity of other techniques.

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