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Comp Biochem Physiol C. 1990;95(1):15-8.

Application of the SOS umu-test in detection of pollution using fish liver S9 fraction.

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  • 1Center for Marine Research, Rudjer Bosković Institute, Rovinj, Yugoslavia.


1. The possibility of Aroclor 1254 and beta-naphthoflavone treated fish Mugil auratus and fish sampled in low and high polluted areas to convert some premutagens to active intermediers in the SOS umu-test have been investigated. 2. Genotoxicity of Aflatoxin b1 differed markedly upon activation with liver S9 fractions from fish with different pollution histories, with the highest activation potency in fish living near a fish cannery. 3. Inhibition of umu gene expression by 7,8-benzoflavone in vitro clearly demonstrates a cytochrome P-450 mediated activation of aflatoxin b1. 4. 2-Aminoanthracene and 2-aminofluorene were weakly activated to genotoxic products and the induction of umu gene expression could be detected only in the presence of S9 fractions from fish treated with beta-naphthoflavone and Aroclor 1254 in the laboratory. 5. The capability of S9 from fish living near a fish cannery to convert 2-aminoanthracene and 2-aminofluorene was not observed.

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