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Hum Genet. 2010 Jan;127(1):33-44. doi: 10.1007/s00439-009-0729-3. Epub 2009 Aug 28.

Novel quantitative trait loci for central corneal thickness identified by candidate gene analysis of osteogenesis imperfecta genes.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia. david.dimasi@flinders.edu.au

Abstract

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in the type I collagen genes, COL1A1 and COL1A2, and is characterised by low bone mass and bone fragility. In this study, we explored the relationship between type 1 collagen genes and the quantitative trait central corneal thickness (CCT). CCT was measured in a cohort of 28 Australian type I OI patients and mean CCT was found to be significantly lower compared to a normal population (P < 0.001). We then investigated CCT and corneal collagen fibril diameter and density in a mouse model of OI with a col1a2 mutation. Mean CCT was significantly lower in mutant mice (P = 0.002), as was corneal collagen fibril diameter (P = 0.034), whilst collagen fibril density was significantly greater in mutants (P = 0.034). Finally, we conducted a genetic study to determine whether common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in COL1A1 and COL1A2 are associated with CCT variation in the normal human population. Polymorphism rs2696297 (P = 0.003) in COL1A1 and a three SNP haplotype in COL1A2 (P = 0.007) were all significantly associated with normal CCT variation. These data implicate type 1 collagen in the determination of CCT in both OI patients and normal individuals. This provides the first evidence of quantitative trait loci that influence CCT in a normal population and has potential implications for investigating genes involved in glaucoma pathogenesis, a common eye disease in which the severity and progression is influenced by CCT.

PMID:
19714363
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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