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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2009 Nov-Dec;81(5-6):425-32. doi: 10.1016/j.plefa.2009.07.005. Epub 2009 Aug 26.

A randomized double blind comparison of short-term duodenally administrated whale and seal blubber oils in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and joint pain.

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  • 1National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES), P.O. Box 2029 Nordnes, N-5817 Bergen, Norway.


Compared with soy oil, 10 days treatment with seal oil (SO), 10mLx3 daily, self-administrated through a nasoduodenal feeding tube, relieves joint pain in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This randomized, controlled, double blind pilot trial compares SO and whale oil (WO) administered similarly by duodenal tube, for 10 days in 18 patients with IBD-related joint pain (n=9 per group). Other long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids were prohibited 7-days prior to and during study. Significant changes from baseline to study end were observed in both groups: reduced plasma arachidonic acid to eicosapentaenoic acid ratio and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) levels (tendency in WO group), decreased IBD-related joint pain and IBD-disease activity, and improved quality of life. These changes were not significantly different between SO and WO groups. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase is consistent with amelioration of IBD-related joint pain, but, as active control was used, effects need confirmation.

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