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J Immunol. 1990 Jun 1;144(11):4082-91.

Role of ICAM-1 in antigen presentation demonstrated by ICAM-1 defective mutants.

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  • 1Division of Lymphocyte Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115.

Abstract

We report a methodology for selecting APC with mutations that have impaired their ability to present Ag to T cells. A20 B lymphoblastoid cells were mutagenized and then repeatedly cocultured with murine T-T hybridomas in the presence of specific Ag. During these cocultures, the T-T hybridomas kill the competent APC, allowing the outgrowth of inactive variants. Two variants, A20.M1 and A20.M2, were isolated and studied in detail. These variants are impaired in their ability to present multiple Ag to T cells. This defect is also observed for the presentation of processing independent peptides by fixed APC indicating that a lesion exists in a post-Ag processing step. The level of expression of MHC molecules is unaffected and the functional defect in the APC is not localized to a particular MHC molecule. In contrast, these mutants were found to have a selective decrease in the expression of the murine homolog of ICAM-1, and the residual ability of these cells to present Ag was not blocked by anti-ICAM-1 mAb. Conversely, Ag presentation by the wild-type A20 is inhibited by anti-ICAM-1 mAb. Similarly, anti-LFA-1 mAb inhibited the response of T cells to Ag presented by the wild-type A20 to a much greater degree than by the mutant cells, indicating that LFA-1 is involved in interaction of T cells with the former, but not latter, APC. In the apparent absence of a contribution of LFA-1 to the T cell-APC interaction, either as a result of mAb blocking or the disruption of the APC membrane, the mutant and wild-type APC have a similar level of Ag-presenting activity. Reconstitution of ICAM-1 expression in these mutants by transfection with murine ICAM-1 cDNA fully restores their ability to present Ag. Together these results demonstrate that a murine ICAM-1 homolog is expressed on A20 B cells, where it functions as a major cell interaction molecule. The degree of functional impairment in these mutant APC gives insight into the contribution of cell interaction molecules to efficient Ag presentation and T cell-B cell interaction. Finally, these results also demonstrate the feasibility of selecting APC with mutations affecting Ag presentation.

PMID:
1971292
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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