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Comp Med. 2009 Aug;59(4):321-30.

Pulmonary inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness in a mouse model of asthma complicated by acid aspiration.

Author information

  • 1Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine and Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. jnemzek@umich.edu

Abstract

Several studies have indicated a strong association between asthma and aspiration of stomach contents. However, the complex association between these inflammatory processes has not been studied extensively in animal models. In the present study, we developed an animal model to evaluate the inflammatory cell, chemokine, and airway responses to asthma complicated by aspiration. The model was produced by sensitizing mice to cockroach allergens from house-dust extracts. Mice with asthma-like airway responses then were inoculated intratracheally with either an acidic solution or saline. Acid aspiration increased airway hyperresponsiveness in mice with asthma for at least 8 h. After 6 h, the combined injury caused an additive, not synergistic, increase in airway hyperresponsiveness and neutrophil recruitment to the airways. Although cysteinyl leukotrienes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were higher after acid aspiration, treatment with a receptor antagonist before aspiration did not diminish airway hyperresponsiveness. Vagal mechanisms reportedly mediate airway responses in acid aspiration; however, pretreatment with an anticholinergic agent did not reduce airway responses to acid. These results are consistent with an effective model of the acute effects of aspiration on the allergic lung. Further studies could examine how various forms of aspiration influence the severity of asthma.

PMID:
19712571
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2779206
Free PMC Article

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