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J Clin Invest. 1977 Oct;60(4):771-83.

Nephrogenous cyclic adenosine monophosphate as a parathyroid function test.


Nephrogenous cyclic AMP (NcAMP), total cyclic AMP excretion (UcAMP), and plasma immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (iPTH), determined with a multivalent antiserum, were prospectively measured in 55 control subjects, 57 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (1 degrees HPT), and 10 patients with chronic hypoparathyroidism. In the group with 1 degrees HPT, NcAMP was elevated in 52 patients (91%), and similar elevations were noted in subgroups of 26 patients with mild (serum calcium </=10.7 mg/dl) or intermittent hypercalcemia, 19 patients with mild renal insufficiency (mean glomerular filtration rate, 64 ml/min), and 10 patients with moderate renal insufficiency (mean glomerular filtration rate, 43 ml/min). Plasma iPTH was increased in 41 patients (73%). The development of a parametric expression for UcAMP was found to be critically important in the clinical interpretation of results for total cAMP excretion. Because of renal impairment in a large number of patients, the absolute excretion rate of cAMP correlated poorly with the hyperparathyroid state. Expressed as a function of creatinine excretion, UcAMP was elevated in 81% of patients with 1 degrees HPT, but the nonparametric nature of the expression led to a number of interpretive difficulties. The expression of cAMP excretion as a function of glomerular filtration rate was developed on the basis of the unique features of cAMP clearance in man, and this expression, which provided elevated values in 51 (89%) of the patients with 1 degrees HPT, avoided entirely the inadequacies of alternative expressions. Results for NcAMP and UcAMP in nonazotemic and azotemic patients with hypoparathyroidism confirmed the validity of the measurements and the expressions employed.

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