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N Engl J Med. 2009 Aug 27;361(9):868-77. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0903515.

Sensitive troponin I assay in early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction.

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  • 1Department of Medicine II, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiac troponin testing is central to the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. We evaluated a sensitive troponin I assay for the early diagnosis and risk stratification of myocardial infarction.

METHODS:

In a multicenter study, we determined levels of troponin I as assessed by a sensitive assay, troponin T, and traditional myocardial necrosis markers in 1818 consecutive patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction, on admission and 3 hours and 6 hours after admission.

RESULTS:

For samples obtained on admission, the diagnostic accuracy was highest with the sensitive troponin I assay (area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve [AUC], 0.96), as compared with the troponin T assay (AUC, 0.85) and traditional myocardial necrosis markers. With the use of the sensitive troponin I assay (cutoff value, 0.04 ng per milliliter) on admission, the clinical sensitivity was 90.7%, and the specificity was 90.2%. The diagnostic accuracy was virtually identical in baseline and serial samples, regardless of the time of chest-pain onset. In patients presenting within 3 hours after chest-pain onset, a single sensitive troponin I assay had a negative predictive value of 84.1% and a positive predictive value of 86.7%; these findings predicted a 30% rise in the troponin I level within 6 hours. A troponin I level of more than 0.04 ng per milliliter was independently associated with an increased risk of an adverse outcome at 30 days (hazard ratio, 1.96; 95% confidence interval, 1.27 to 3.05; P=0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of a sensitive assay for troponin I improves early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and risk stratification, regardless of the time of chest-pain onset.

2009 Massachusetts Medical Society

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PMID:
19710485
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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